Fame Fortune and Hennaed Hair

Got Henna? Contest #4:  Fame, Fortune, and Hennaed Hair
Questions: Fill in the blanks, discuss the significance, and cite source.Answers:  The winners were Sue Brittain and Danny Roberts.
1)  “... as legion as demons,” and instantly recognizable by their hennaed hair, gender-bending groupies stalked _________________________________.Continental Drift: From National Characters to Virtual Subjects  by Emily Apter,  p. 154,  quoting “Les Amoureuses de Cléopâtre,” by Jean Lorrain.

Jean Lorrain describes how Sarah Bernhardt performing Cleopatra was stalked by her lesbian entourage, implying that  going to see The Divine Sarah was an initiatory experience in gynosocial bonding, and that visibly hennaed hair was a signifier of young women's shared infatuation and liberation from gender restrictions and from social norms.

"We are going to see them again, lolling about in the alleyways of Bondy Street, ready to lay siege on the exhausted, practically bloodless, and staggering under the unbelievable weight of the brocaded fabrics and precious stones of a barbarous princess at each new performance of the grand fantastic one, her fans reappear from God knows where, all recognizable from their hair, curled and henna dyed a la Titus, a suit jacket open over an olive cloth vest, all with deadly pallor under their androgynous hairstyles, their eyes cruel and fixed between eyelashes drenched in mascara.

"They are legion as demons, and despite being disconcerting in their half masculine outfits of crude material, they are very fin de siecle, forming a strange but complementary note in the sumptuous, bohemian interior that is crazy Sarah's open house."
2) Though paid the equivalent of $160,000 per week's performances, _________________ hennaed her nails while the audience impatiently waited for the curtains to rise on  ______________________________.
Larger than life; Richard Edmonds travels back to a time when the world went ga-ga over another, more famous, drama queen.  Richard Edmonds, The Birmingham Post (England) October 14, 2010,  contains one of the many reports of Sarah Bernhardt applying henna for the role of Cleopatra.  

"At 8.45pm an exasperated house manager found Bernhardt languidly painting henna on her fingernails while the audience went mad. When he expostulated Bernhardt said calmly, "when I am on stage, my audiences will know that this is Cleopatra's hand."

"And that was that. She had money in the show and it would tour very profitably. You couldn't argue with a monstre sacree. In any case, as Robert Gottlieb points out in this riveting account of a life lived in the spotlight, Bernhardt was more interested in her American tour where, in New Orleans, she added an alligator to her menagerie.

"Called Ali-GaGa the creature followed the actress everywhere - to the table, to the theatre and to bed.

"Ali-GaGa finally succumbed to a diet of milk and champagne - in later years a pet boa constrictor swallowed a couple of cushions by mistake. "

Sarah Bernhardt, by H. S. Edwards

"At the end of 1872 she appeared at the Comédie Française, and with such distinction that she was retained, first as a pensionnaire, at a salary of six thousand francs, and afterward as a sociétaire. Her successes were rapid and dazzling, and whether she appeared in modern comedy, in classic tragedy, or as the creator of characters in entirely new plays, the theatre was always crowded. Her melodious voice and pure enunciation, her singularly varied accents, her pathos, her ardent bursts of passion, were such that her audience, as they hung upon her lips, forgot the caprices and eccentricities by which she was already characterized in private life."
3) Born into poverty, _______________________ rose to fame and wealth when she transformed herself through corseting and henna, singing cynical, erotic songs.  She was a favorite performer of a "professor without a chair,"  ______________________, and of lithographer __________________ for her trademark red hair.
Vaudeville, old and new, Volume 1, p. 464,  By Frank Cullen

Born into a poor family as Emma Laure Esther Guilbert, Guilbert began singing as a child but at age sixteen worked as a model at the Printemps department store in Paris. She was discovered by a journalist. She took voice and acting lessons on the side that by 1886 led to appearances on stage at smaller venues. Guilbert debuted at the Variette Theatre in 1888. She eventually sang at the popular Eldorado club, then at the Jardin de Paris before headlining in Montmartre at the Moulin Rouge in 1890.

Yvette corseted herself, dyed her hair a defiant henna and emphasized the seriousness of her face with white powder and strongly drawn eyes.  Her gowns were severe, and she wore long black gloves and little other ornament.  She took pains with her diction and clipped her words as she half spoke, half sang her ironic, rueful, cynical, erotic (for the day) and sadly comic songs. Intelligent, she read widely and tried to make up for her lack of formal education.  As she grew in artistry, she revolutionized Parisian song and singing.

Yvette Guilbert was a favorite subject of artist Henri de Toulouse-Lautrec, who made many portraits and caricatures of Guilbert and dedicated his second album of sketches to her. Lautrec's paintings of her show variously colored hennaed hair, as though the quality of the henna was inconsistent. Sigmund Freud attended performances, including one in Vienna, and called her a favorite singer.

4) The daughter of a Spanish dancer, ___________________ changed her hair color from dark brunette to flaming red and became a Hollywood star and pinup model, a favorite sex symbol for US soldiers in WWII.  She transformed her dark brunette hair to bright red by  _____________________.Rita Hayworth (born Margarita Carmen Cansino), agreed to change her name to Rita Hayworth and her natural dark brown hair color to dark red to attract a greater range of roles.  Harry Cohn (president of Columbia Pictures) argued that Hayworth's image was too Mediterranean, which reduced her opportunities to being cast in "exotic" roles, more limited in number. With Cohn and Judson's encouragement, Hayworth changed her hair color to dark red and her name to Rita Hayworth. By using her mother's maiden name, she led people to see her British-American ancestry and became a classic "American" pin-up.

She had her hair bleached with peroxide and applied henna over it, resulting in some rather idiosynchratic oranges that varied between films.  Her appeal led to her being featured on the cover of Life magazine five times, beginning in 1940. The result was that Hayworth was a top glamour girl in the 1940s, a pin-up girl for military servicemen and a beauty icon for women.

5)  ___________________ also anticipated increased sexual attention from US soldiers, and so purchased abundant henna supplies at the declaration of WWII.Quentin Crisp,  English writer and raconteur, grew up with effeminate tendencies, which he flaunted by parading the streets in make-up and painted nails, and working as a rent-boy.  He attempted to join the British army at the outbreak of  World War II, but was rejected and declared exempt by the medical board on the grounds that he was "suffering from sexual perversion".

Rejected from the army, he remained in London during the 1941 Blitz, stocked up on cosmetics, purchased five pounds of henna and paraded through the black-out, picking up G.I.s as a sex worker. The soldiers' generosity and open-mindedness inspired Quentin's love of all things American.

 6) Early in her career, ____________________  imported _______________________ kilos of henna from _________________________, and prospered  through her acute perception of human folly.  When she ran out, a fan from ______________ hand carried another ________________________ kilos to her, later sending an additional ________________________ kilos, enough to last the rest of her life.  She carefully stored the henna in ______________________.  At the end of her life, she  donated  _____________________ boxes of her personal henna to the _________________________ Museum.  The Associated Press April 4, 1984, Wednesday, PM cycle,  DATELINE: NEW YORK

What has been the greatest crisis of comedian Lucille Ball's later years? Fear of outliving her henna.

Miss Ball, in New York Tuesday for the opening of an exhibition of her work at the Museum of Broadcasting, said that early in her career she imported from Egypt 50 pounds of henna, a dye which gave her hair its distinctive brilliant red tint.

A few years ago, she said, she looked in her closet and found only two boxes left.

"I said to myself, my God, I'm outliving my henna."

When her plight became known, a man from Jordan appeared in California, carrying by hand from halfway across the world 55 pounds of Egyptian henna, "the real stuff, the stuff Cleopatra used," Miss Ball said.

He later sent another 55 pounds, ending her henna crisis, she said.

THE SPECTATOR,  Eric Kohanik, Copyright 1992 Metroland Media Group Ltd

The second annual Lucille Ball Festival Of New Comedy is all set to hit Jamestown, N.Y. from May 17 to 24. And, as co-ordinating director of the festival, Vesotski wants to recruit as many people as she can to come on down to Jamestown next month.

Vesotski swept through southern Ontario yesterday to make her pitch. And she brought tons of Lucy mementos with her.

Robert M. Batscha, president of the museum, said the collection shows the "dazzling role" Miss Ball played in the history of broadcasting with her "radiance, her shrewd perception of human folly, her exquisite timing, her divine madness."

There were I Love Lucy dolls. Old snapshots of the comedienne and her friends. There was one of Lucy's top hats, and a sequined jacket and pocketbook that were part of Lucy's wardrobe.

There was even a box of canning jars that were filled with the henna that Lucy used in order to get her hair just that right shade of red. "She had it imported by the caseload," laughs Vesotski. "And then she'd put it into these canning jars to do her hair. She gave us the rest," says Vesotski. "We received 85 boxes of the stuff."

The boxes of henna were part of the horde of personal mementos donated to Ball's hometown museum, The Lucille Ball-Desi Arnaz Center for Comedy, by her daughter, Lucie Arnaz. A lot of the stuff went to the Universal Studios theme park in Los Angeles, where a Lucy exhibit has been set up as an continuing tribute to the TV legend. (Universal is planning to open a similar display next month at its park in Orlando.)

The Lucille Ball-Desi Arnaz Center for Comedy in Jamestown, New York, is dedicated to the lives and careers of Lucille Ball and Desi Arnaz. The museum officially opened in 1996 "to preserve and celebrate the legacy of Lucille Ball and Desi Arnaz and enrich the world through the healing powers of love and laughter". Lucille Ball was born in Jamestown on August 6, 1911.
7)  “ ‘________________’ … ruined more actors than peroxide and henna.”Munsey's Magazine, Volume 74 p. 350  1921-22 The Frank A Munsey Company, publishers 280 Broadway

Miss Camille Bernhardt A Tragicomedy of Theatrical Life by John H. Blackwood

"In plain United States, madam, you mean you want to join the trick and be a trouper?" I shot at her.

"Yes," the lady countered.  "It has long been my ambition to tread the boards, to be an exponent of the master dramatist's works, to emulate that wonderful and singularly gifted woman, Sarah Bernhard,"

" With this, she gave a smile that was a cross between the looks of a mother seeingher baby sleeping in his crib and an actor reading a notice that said  it was a good thing that Irving Mansfield, Booth, and the rest of them were dead, because here was a bright and promising boy who was going to make the public forget all about them --- you know, that "Welcome to Broadway" gush that has ruined more actors than peroxide and henna"."  
8) Because her husband claimed that henna made her look like "____________________________,"   _____________________ sued __________________ for $___________________ . A Canadian judge awarded her  $__________________ in general damages and $__________________ in special damages. The Globe and Mail (Canada) January 13, 1978 Friday

Orange streaks bring woman $425 damages

Copyright 1978 The Globe and Mail, a division of CTVglobemedia Publishing Inc.
All Rights Reserved  DATELINE: London ON  LONDON, Ont. (CP) -

A county court judge has awarded $25 in special damages and $400 in general damages to a woman whose husband said she returned from a beauty salon looking like 'a second-class whore.'

Linda Rupert, 36, brought a $6,000 lawsuit against the Robert Simpson Co. Ltd., when her brown hair, which she had wanted streaked, did not turn out to her satisfaction.

Connie LeMesurier, a hair stylist at the store, testified she told Mrs. Rupert her hair was too dry to be streaked and recommended a treatment using henna coloring instead. She said she told Mrs. Rupert her streaked hair would turn red, particularly where already streaked.

Mrs. Rupert said the stylist did not give her the information. She said most of her hair turned out red, with the streaked portions vivid orange after the henna treatment. The defense said Mrs. Rupert was shown a chart indicating her brown hair would turn reddish and her streaked hair would turn golden red.

Judge Joseph Winter said: 'The plaintiff went for a particular service and was advised that was inappropriate and that she should have something else. When that happens, the person who proposes the alternative should be responsible for the result.'
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